First results of the PML monitor of atmospheric turbulence profile with high vertical resolution

Ziad, A. et al., 2013, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 559, L6 | View on ADS (2013A&A...559L...6Z) | Access via DOI


Aims: Future extremely large telescopes will certainly be equipped with wide-field adaptive optics systems. The optimization of the performances of these techniques requires a precise specification of the different components of these AO systems. Most of these technical specifications are related to the atmospheric turbulence parameters, particularly the profile of the refractive index structure constant CN2(h). A new monitor called Profiler of Moon Limb (PML) for the extraction of the CN2(h) profile with high vertical resolution and its first results are presented.
Methods: The PML instrument uses an optical method based on the observation of the Moon limb through two subapertures. The use of the lunar limb leads to a continuum of double stars allowing a scan of the whole atmosphere with high resolution in altitude.
Results: The first prototype of the PML has been installed at Dome C in Antarctica and the first results of the PML are presented and compared to radio-sounding balloon profiles. In addition to the CN2(h) profile obtained with high vertical resolution, PML is also able to provide other atmospheric turbulence parameters such as the outer scale profile, the total seeing, and the isoplanatic and isopistonic angles.

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